Jungian Society for Scholarly Studies (JSSS)

The meeting of two personalities is like the contact of two chemical substances: if there is any reaction, both are transformed.-- Carl Jung



Journal of Jungian Scholarly Studies

Editor: Darrell Dobson, Ph.D.
Volume 6, 2010

Volume Editors:
Alexandra Fidyk, Ph.D.
Rinda West, Ph.D.

Copy Editor: Matthew Fike, Ph.D.
Layout: Kathy Dawson, Ph.D. Student

Table of Contents and Abstracts

Peer-Reviewed Academic Articles

Hermaphrodite as Healing Image: Connecting a Mythic Imagination to Education
Alexandra Fidyk, Ph.D.
University of Alberta, Canada
This exploration considers the question: What healing and transformation might these image-makers bring to education? Through hermeneutic tracking, a telling of the Greek myth of Hermaphrodite’s birth lays the background. Upon this scene, the alchemical process of psychological development is described wherein a bridge is made to the education and the ways that it might come to be informed through therapeutic practices. Here amplification of the images of Hermes and Aphrodite are traced to revision the ways teachers might embrace apeironic learning through a vibrant relationship to the child – Hermaphrodite, the inner child and the actual child in the classroom – and to move toward a more differentiated and androgynous consciousness. Tact, love, care, freedom, eros and the erotic play, embodiment, joy and ethics are some of the characteristics that appear as curative for education reimagined through mythic imagination.

Unconsciousness and Survival: Kafka’s Metamorphosis and Borowski’s This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen
Inez Martinez, Ph.D.
This reading of Kafka’s The Metamorphosis and Borowski’s This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen for what they imply about unconsciousness and survival is based on the assumptions that literature is a primary source for understanding psyche, that literature makes available consciousness about ways collectives are living unconsciously, and that literature continues to unfold aspects of collective unconsciousness through many readers, cultures, and generations. Specifically, Kafka’s story presents to this reader a portrait of humanity’s thriving (in the sense of proliferating) through unconsciousness, and Borowski’s presents vignettes questioning  whether physical survival of the species should be the criterion for progress and/or the ultimate priority. Their juxtaposition leads to questions intended to generate reflection on psychological consequences of integrating realization of species mortality.

Abstinence vs. Indulgence: How the New Ethical Vampire Reflects our Monstrous Appetites
Elizabeth Nelson, Ph.D.
Pacific Graduate Institute, CA
As an archetype, the vampire is alive and well in the collective psyche. A closer look can reflect back to us what we deem monstrous out there as well as inform us about the monstrous within. This is fundamental to Jung’s notion of the Shadow and fundamentally an issue of ethics. This paper explores how specific attributes of the contemporary vampire reflect our ethical agon at the beginning of the 21st century, using two popular vampire sagas, the Twilight series and True Blood as examples of the tensions between abstinence and indulgence among a predatory species. This paper explains the elements of the female Bildungsroman literary genre found in both stories, which offers psychologists a particularly fruitful view into ethics and character development, and shows how the central love relationship between a human female and a vampire male dramatizes some of the trickier aspects of relating to the Other in the most intimate manner. The paper concludes by comparing Aristotelian virtue ethics with Jung’s notion of individuation to discern who is the real monster—and who aspires to the classical notion of arête.

Writing Nature with Darwin, Darwinism and Jung
Susan Rowland, Ph.D.
Pacific Graduate Institute, CA
Charles Darwin and C. G. Jung were revolutionary thinkers about the role of human beings in the natural world. While Darwin’s Origins of Species (1859) sought to remove both God and “man” from the centre of the understanding of nature, C. G. Jung, one generation later, aimed to remove the ego from the central definition of human nature. Although both theorists have been explored for their conceptual ideas, neither has been seriously considered as writers, and in particular as writers of nature and human nature. This paper shows how similar these authors are in treating the unknowable in the psyche and history as of major significance. In particular, both writers require the resources of ancient myth, especially of nature as an Earth Mother goddess in order to represent the inconceivable. The paper also looks at the new critical practice of “literary Darwinism,” which, while viable in its own terms, suffers from being neither “literary,” nor “Darwinian.”

An Opus con naturam: Labor, Care, and Transformation in the Garden
Rinda West, Ph.D.
Oakton Community College, IL
This essay proposes that a garden can be a site and an occasion for a labor with nature, an opus con naturam, to play with the alchemical phrase, a collaboration that can potentially transform both nature within and nature without. A garden, that is, nurtures individuation. A garden embeds culture in the land and informs culture with the processes and needs of the land. Like ego and Self, body and soul, reason and instinct, in practice land and culture are not separate or opposed, but interwoven. The garden is a symbol, then, of that connection, a place of healing, retreat, and labor. Frances Hodgson Burnet’s novel, The Secret Garden, illustrates the healing power of the garden, and an analysis of the labor of gardening suggests how that power works.

Cultural Complexes in Professional Ethics

Johanna Fawkes, Ph.D.

Professions predicated their ethics on idealized self-images and fail to engage with the shadow aspects of the occupational group, this paper argues. Ethical approaches emphasize rules and rationality, though more recently postcolonial and postmodern ethics have opened a space for a Jungian contribution. The paper conceptualizes professions as psychic entities, with an idealized persona, a disowned shadow and the potential for integration, suggesting this as an ethical foundation. Finally, it applies this approach to the emerging profession of public relations (PR). The research approach is hermeneutic, interpreting professional and public relations ethics through the lens of Jungian writing.

Book Reviews:

The Dark Enlightenment: Jung, Romanticism and the Repressed Other, D. J. Moores
Susan Rowland, Ph.D.
Pacific Graduate Institute, CA

Recovering Feminine Spirituality: The Mysteries and the Mass as Symbols of Individuation, Evangeline Rand

Susan Rowland, Ph.D.
Pacific Graduate Institute, CA

Site constructed and maintained by Alkahest Designs

Webmaster Josef J Kalicun